Thursday, March 28, 2019

Hello World! Happy 2019th Palm Sunday (April 14th) and Easter, Sunday (April 21st)

This is a repost of earlier annual posts with minor edits. Enjoy!

Hello World! Happy 2019th Palm Sunday  and Easter, Sunday.  May your days be filled with love, happiness and blessings.


“Do not abandon yourselves to despair. We are the Easter people and hallelujah is our song." 
 ~~ Pope John Paul II 
sometimes called Blessed John Paul or John Paul the Great, born Karol Józef Wojtyła (Polish: [ˈkarɔl ˈjuzɛf vɔjˈtɨwa]; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005), was Pope from 16 October 1978 to his death in 2005. He was the second longest-serving pope in history and, as a Pole, the first non-Italian since Pope Adrian VI, who died in 1523.


Hello World! Happy 2019th Easter America. Happy Name Day and Palm Sunday Mom.

Palm Sunday has always been a very special day for our family.

My late mom was born on Palm Sunday (March 28, 1926), which is why my grandmother named her "Palma."

 Happy Palm Sunday, happy name day and may you be dancing up in the clouds, celebrating how much you are loved and missed. 

You haven't really left us, you have just moved to a peaceful place and you are always in our thoughts and prayers.


Wonderful keepsake photo of my late mom with her mother, Grandma Elvira. 



They resembled each other so much.

They were so beautiful and similar in many ways - great cooking, baking, entertaining, etc. 


Everyone was welcome in their homes.



Another great photo of my late mom with John Tesh  #ITFYL #JohnTest  . Mom was so fond of this photo. Her smile radiates everywhere regardless of her age. In this photo she was in her late 70s. Amazing!
Photo collage of my late mom (TOP L-R, with her youngest grandchildren, Mariel & Anthony; granddaughter Mariel's lovely "get-well card; mom upstate New York holding me as an infant). (BOTTOM L-R, me & mom celebrating another bon-voyage cruise; mom in either CA or OK at a wedding; mom with her mom, Grandma Elvira.

Mom as the most beautiful bride with her handsome groom, my wonderful Dad, during their wedding day, September 5, 1948.









Sharing mom's Eulogy here to remember her life, her amazing gifts, talents, smiles  and her love. (see image to the right)

Also another way to celebrate her name day, Palm Sunday. 


Our brother presented the Eulogy at the Funeral Mass on February 28, 2012.


I strongly believe our mom is at peace knowing her children are well.


Palm Sunday always brings me fond memories with family and friends. 



On Palm Sunday 2015, I had quite a few chuckles. Much to my surprise, two wild turkeys strutted in my back yard and left quite an impression! 

Gobbling, trotting and pecking around, I had to take a video with my iPhone. Glad I did as there is never a sure-shot they will show up again in my back yard.

Enjoy the Wild Turkeys videos. Below are Take 1 and Take 2 videos.


Second video Wild Turkeys Take 2 
or visit these links for Wild Turkeys Take 1 and https://youtu.be/ev8dcSwQtE8

About Easter

Easter (Old English Ēostre; Latin: Pascha; Greek Πάσχα Paskha, the latter two derived from Hebrew: פֶּסַח‎ Pesaḥ) is a Christian festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his crucifixion at Calvary as described in the New Testament.

Easter is the culmination of the Passion of Christ, preceded by Lent, a forty-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance.

Easter is for everyone, for adults it brings back memories of childhood days filled with beautiful spring flowers and fabulous Sunday celebrations.
Easter, like Christmas, is for children. Celebrating Easter with children is truly special – from colored Easter Eggs, Chocolate Easter Bunnies to Easter Egg hunts and parades and bonnets make this day extra magical.

Easter is a moveable feast, meaning it is not fixed in relation to the civil calendar. The First Council of Nicaea (325) established the date of Easter as the first Sunday after the full moon (the Paschal Full Moon) following the March equinox.

Ecclesiastically, the equinox is reckoned to be on 21 March (although the astronomical equinox occurs on 20 March in most years), and the "Full Moon" is not necessarily on the astronomically correct date. The date of Easter therefore varies from 22 March to 25 April inclusive. Eastern

The precise date of Easter has at times been a matter for contention. By the later 2nd century, it was accepted that the celebration of the holiday was a practice of the disciples and an undisputed tradition.

Easter is linked to the Jewish Passover by much of its symbolism, as well as by its position in the calendar. In many languages, the words for "Easter" and "Passover" are identical or very similar.

Easter customs vary across the Christian world, and include sunrise services, exclaiming the Paschal greeting, clipping the church[12] and decorating Easter eggs, a symbol of the empty tomb.

Additional customs that have become associated with Easter and are observed by both Christians and some non-Christians include egg hunting, the Easter Bunny, and Easter parades.

The Easter parade is an American cultural event consisting of a festive strolling procession on Easter Sunday. The parade is somewhat of an informal and unorganized event, with or without religious significance. Persons participating in an Easter parade traditionally dress in new and fashionable clothing, particularly ladies' hats, and strive to impress others with their finery.
The Easter parade is most closely associated with Fifth Avenue in New York City, but Easter parades are held in many other cities. Starting as a spontaneous event in the 1870s, the New York parade became increasingly popular into the mid-20th century—in 1947, it was estimated to draw over a million people. Its popularity has declined significantly, drawing only 30,000 in 2008.

Many Americans follow the tradition of coloring hard-boiled eggs and giving baskets of candy. The Easter Bunny is a popular legendary anthropomorphic Easter gift-giving character analogous to Santa Claus in American culture.


On Easter Monday, the President of the United States holds an annual Easter egg roll on the White House lawn for young children. New York City holds an annual Easter parade on Easter Sunday.
Easter eggs, also called Paschal eggs, are special eggs that are often given to celebrate Easter or springtime. As such, Easter eggs are common during the season of Eastertide. The oldest tradition is to use dyed and painted chicken eggs, but a modern custom is to substitute chocolate eggs, or plastic eggs filled with confectionery such as jelly beans.
Eggs, in general, were a traditional symbol of fertility, and rebirth. In Christianity, for the celebration of Eastertide, Easter eggs symbolize the empty tomb of Jesus: though an egg appears to be like the stone of a tomb, a bird hatches from it with life; similarly, the Easter egg, for Christians, is a reminder that Jesus rose from the grave, and that those who believe will also experience eternal life.

The precise origin of the ancient custom of decorating eggs is not known, although evidently the blooming of many flowers in spring coincides with the use of the fertility symbol of eggs—and eggs boiled with some flowers change their color, bringing the spring into the homes.
Many Christians of the Eastern Orthodox Church to this day typically dye their Easter eggs red, the color of blood, in recognition of the blood of the sacrificed Christ (and, of the renewal of life in springtime). Some also use the color green, in honor of the new foliage emerging after the long dead time of winter.

The Easter Bunny (also called the Easter Rabbit or Easter Hare) is a fantasy character depicted as a rabbit bringing Easter eggs.

Originating among German Lutherans, the Easter Hare originally played the role of a judge, evaluating whether children were good or disobedient in behaviour at the start of the season of Eastertide.

The Easter Bunny is sometimes depicted with clothes. In legend, the creature carries colored eggs in his basket, candy and sometimes also toys to the homes of children, and as such shows similarities to Santa Claus, as they both bring gifts to children on the night before their respective holiday. The custom was first mentioned in Georg Franck von Franckenau's De ovis paschalibus[2] (About Easter Eggs) in 1682[3] referring to a German tradition of an Easter Hare bringing Easter Eggs for the children. In many church services on Easter Sunday, a live rabbit representing the Easter Bunny, is brought into the congregation, especially for the children's message.

An Easter Bonnet represents the tail-end of a tradition of wearing new clothes at Easter, in harmony with the renewal of the year and the promise of spiritual renewal and redemption.

The "Easter bonnet" was fixed in popular culture by Irving Berlin, whose frame of reference was the Easter parade in New York City, a festive walkabout that made its way down Fifth Avenue from St. Patrick's Cathedral:



"In your Easter bonnet
with all the frills upon it,
You'll be the grandest lady in the Easter parade."
by Irving Berlin

At the depths of the Great Depression a new hat at Easter, or a refurbished old one, was a simple luxury. 

Will you be celebrating Easter? Showing off your Easter bonnet or attending an Easter Day Parade?

















RESOURCES: 
 ♦ The 29th Annual Easter Bonnet Competion by the Theatre Development Fund, takes place on April 20th and April 21st at Minskoff Theatre, more info at https://www.tdf.org/shows/9214/The-29th-Annual-Easter-Bonnet-Competition (last year The 28th Annual Easter Bonnet Competition (2014) by Broadway Cares http://broadwaycares.org/easterbonnet2014)
♦ Easter Day Parade http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_parade
♦ Easter Sunday on Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Sunday
♦ Easter 2015 from Calendar 365 http://www.calendar-365.com/holidays/easter.html‎
♦ Easter Egg Hunts http://www.easteregghuntsandevents.org/
♦ Easter Parade and Easter Bonnet Festival in New York City http://gonyc.about.com/cs/holidays/a/easter.htm

♦ Ann Miller' sings and taps to "Shakin' the Blues Away" from Easter Parade (1948) she was an amazing tap dancer https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8yS1e9zksJ8
♦ Easter Parade – Fred Astaire and Judy Garland on YouTube 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKt54TFrxMc
This post is an updated repost from previous annual Easter posts. Please visit this blog frequently and share this with your social media. Follow me @gbdaly Thanks.

Tuesday, March 12, 2019

WWW Reaches Big 030 Today - March 12, 2019

Happy 30th World Wide Web !


"Let the web serve humanity"

~ Tim Berners-Lee, SirTimothy John Berners-Lee (born 8 June 1955), also known as TimBL, is an English engineer and computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web. He is currently a professor of computer science at the University of Oxford and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).  @timberners_lee    https://twitter.com/timberners_lee


WWW Inventor, Tim Berners-Lee celebrates on Twitter

Hard to believe WWW is just 30 years, it's done so much and transformed itself so many times one would think it's at least 100.


Oh boy, do I wish it did really serve humanity well. Unfortunately, there's just too much propaganda, bias, control, and greed at the expense of  human rights and democracy. When will this end?


Perhaps it's good intentioned inventor, Tim Berners-Lee can invent an antidote application to counteract this horriffic poison to humanity. If anyone can, I know he can and not just by speaking and advocating but by building something better intended for humanity.

In any event, WWW probably the greatest disruption of the 19th century.

Resources:

  • Latest from Tim Berners-Lee on WWW's 30th: https://webfoundation.org/2019/03/web-birthday-30/
  • https://indianexpress.com/article/technology/tech-news-technology/the-world-wide-web-turns-30-web-inventor-sir-tim-berners-lee-on-the-fight-for-a-better-web-5621800/
  • Sir Tim Berners-Lee on why tech companies cannot forgo human rights for profits,The Indian EXPRESS:  https://webfoundation.org/2019/03/web-birthday-30/
  • The Man Who Invented the WWW Has Mixed Feelings About What The Internet Has Become, Time, http://time.com/5549551/tim-berners-lee-inventor-internet/
  • World Wide Web Consortium, W3C, http://www.w3.org/ - Info on Tim Berners-Lee https://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/#Press
  • Google celebrates with all tech doodle video show


Friday, March 8, 2019

Happy 108th Women's Day to all Women of the World!

Happy 108th International Women's Day World!  This year the theme is #BALANCEforBETTER #IWD2019  What's your balance for better action?  Here's mine.

This blog posting is an updated/revised version of articles posted in prior years. Every year I include my action for the current IWD theme.  Have you done this yet? You should.  Enjoy!



















https://www.internationalwomensday.com/Theme
This year, the IWD2019 theme is #BalanceForBetter   What's your  
action?  I think of so many things especially breaking barriers, going beyond the norm, etc. 

My action for #BalanceForBetter is finding balance concerning #meToo - Finding beauty in all things, taking long walks & eating balanced meals. ~Gloria Buono-Daly  #ThoughtOfTheDay #QuoteOfTheDay 

I also share my thoughts of the day daily on Twitter every day at 8:00am and 11:30pm. This helps me put things into perspective, sort of journal my thoughts but in a different way than journaling.


Last year the theme was #PressforProgress. We are about 190 years away from gender parity.  this past year has been a whirlwind of advocacy and progress for women advocating for reporting sexual abuse, regardless of how famous or powerful the attacker is.

Misconduct and harassment come in many different sizes and shapes. It's not just just about sexual harassment by men but by women as well.  The year 2017 marked awareness, advocacy for movements, momentum, progress and #IWD2018's theme of the year is for all to #PressForProgress !

Finally progress is momentous and significant. Women are becoming stronger all thanks to embracing and supporting each other. Sisterhood, brotherhood, are alive and well. Gone are the days of women being punished for reporting bad behavior, subterfuge, misconduct or harassment. However we still need to press for  progress more and continue moving forward.  #MeToo and #TimesUp  movements came about after various harassment and misconduct accusations by the top entertainment and media icons including Harvey Weinstein, Matt Lauer, Kevin Spacey, Russell Simmons, Dustin Hoffman, James Toback, Tavis Smiley, as well as liberal Democrat politician Al Franken ...  The list of attackers of men by women, men by men and also women by women, appears to never end. -  #HarveyWeinstein, #KevinSpacey, #RussellSimons, #DustinHoffman, #JamesToback, #MattLauer, #TavisSmiley, #AlFranken ... Many victims, thus far over 200 from Harvey Weinstein alone and how can we forget about disgraced Bill Cosby - many women came forward yet many more remained silent. ?  

But what about the female or male co-worker at an organization who has been working hard, complying with the company standards of behavior and code of conduct only to be constantly bullied, abused and harassed by a female/male co-worker who feels threatened by his/her business ethics or skill set?  

What's your #PressForProgress? My actionl is to continually speak up when something is wrong,  and be supportive to other women who are being harmed and/or harassed. I want to keep on "pressing" to be the best I can be in everything I do, to exercise leadership actions in my life (i.e., personal, at work, communications including my blog posts, etc.) and to always respect and celebrate differences for the good of all people and of course for our goal of increasing Gender Parity even though we are 200 years away. Also press progress by encouraging others to #PRESSFORPROGRESS


Equally important is for women at work. If a new employee at an organization however small or however large, is being harassed by another women who believes she is above the company policy and standards of behavior/code of conduct because of her 30 or so years of tenure, and constantly harms/harasses, belittles, you or others, etc.,  report it! Regardless of the consequences. Victims have rights and must be protected from employees who behave like goons and street gangsters inside the profit or non-profit organization.

WHAT'S YOUR ACTION FOR IWD2018?  #WhatsYourAction    Please share your #PRESSFORPROGRESS at this link   #IWD2018 

One of my favorite quotes by women:  

“If particular care and attention is not paid to the ladies, we are determined to forment a rebellion and will not hold ourselves bound by any laws in which we have no voice or representation.”    ~~ Abigail Adams,  U.S. First Lady, 1776 (née Smith; November 22 [O.S. November 11] 1744 – October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams, the first Vice President, and second President, of the United States, and the mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth President.


Did you know that March 8, 2018 marks the 107th anniversary of International Women's Day?  Well now you do!  :) 

As soon as Google doodle is posted, if it's IWD2018 related, I will update here.

Google's #IWD2017 doodle to commemorate International Women's Day 2017 conveys the many bold actions by our leading women of the world. 

With  the #IWD2018 theme, PressForProgress #PressForProgress, Google's doodle for this year is charming and filled with various themes and #HerStory about various professional women all over the world! 

This post will be a good bookmark as it will add all doodle images dedicated to International Women's Day event, March 8th. We have them listed as far back as 2011 which marked IWDs 100th anniversary (scroll below if interested in viewing commemorative 100th IWD doodle).


Below please find the doodle from #IWD2017. The theme was "Be Bold For Action." The doodle depicted a collage of various women all over the world who soared leaps and bounds in medicine, sports, academia, aviation, and sciences to adventure, arts, entertainment, activism, and technology. 

A collage of 8 photos in the #IWD2017 Google Doodle below commemorate #IWD2017:

Opening image of Google's doodle for #IWD2017 which celebrated 13 inspirational women









Google has celebrated 2016 International Women's Day IWD2016 with a lovely "gender-parity" global themed doodle #OneDayIWill.
The video shows women all around the world sharing their goals and aspirations with words in their native language beginning with "One Day I Will ..."

From becoming scientists to speaking to Pope Francis, their actions and words are inspirational.




In 2015, Google celebrated with the inspiring and engaging doodle below for IWD2015:









Google posted a very charming doodle to celebrate IWD's 103rd  IWD2014 ).









IWD2013's 102nd doogle








IWD2012's 101st doogle

IWD2011s 100th IWD anniversary marked the very first IWD Google doodle celebration!









Below are sections taken from the 2017 IWD2017 blog post.

Happy 106th Anniversary to 
International Women's Day!   #IWD2017  Also, did you know that March is Women's History Month?

International Women's Day (IWD), originally coined International Working Women’s Day, is marked on March 8th every year.

The UN theme for International Women’s Day 2016 is "Pledge for Parity." #PledgeforParity.

Worldwide, women continue to contribute to social, economic, cultural and political achievement.

The theme in 2016 was
118 Years to Gender Parity?    In 2014, The World Economic Forum predicted it would take until 2095 to achieve global gender parity. Unfortunately, one year later, 2015, they estimated an even slower progress and the gender gap wouldn't close entirely until nearly 4 decades later, 2133.

Be it helping women and girls achieve ambitions, advocating for gender-balanced leadership, respecting differences, or rooting for workplace bias, International Women's Day wants everyone - men and women -to take concrete steps to help achieve gender parity more quickly. 
Women's equality has made positive gains but the world is still unequal.

International Women's Day celebrates the social, political and economic achievements of women while focusing world attention on areas requiring further action."

In many countries, International Women's Day is an occasion to honor and praise women for their accomplishments.

Join International Women’s Day on Facebook at facebook/internationalwomensday and for breaking news follow #womensday.

International Women's Day is an annual day observed in many nations around the world on March 8 each year. (Jumping Woman photo above by kongsky / freedigitalphotos.net)



President Barack Obama proclaimed March 2011 to be "Women's History Month", calling Americans to mark IWD by reflecting on "the extraordinary accomplishments of women" in shaping the country's history.


Also, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton launched the "100 Women Initiative: Empowering Women and Girls through International Exchanges", on the eve of IWD.



Photo above left taken by U.S.Army Photographer: Spc Tobey White, is of U.S. Army Lt. Col. Pam Moody, 319th ADT, and resident of Indianapolis, Ind. Here she hands out pencils to Afghan women at the International Women's Day gathering held in Khowst City, Khowst Province, Afghanistan, March 8, 2011.

Every year events take place on March 8th to commemorate the anniversary of International Women's Day. In 2011, IWD's 100th anniversary, 100 countries participated in events.
Kudos to all women for all we do!

EXPLORE and submit your IWD event or web posting at the International Women's Day activity page. And enjoy learning about what others are doing to celebrate IWD 2017.

Visit INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY 2017 NEWS for more information.

Do you have a theme of your own to celebrate International Women's Day? IF so, share it on the International Women's Day website.

Resources for Women’s History Month: 
http://www.usnews.com/news/blogs/data-mine/2015/03/08/international-womens-day-inequality-in-charts
Make your #PledgeForParity sponsor
http://womenshistorymonth.gov/
http://www.nwhp.org/whm/index.php
 http://www.nwhp.org/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women's_History_Month
http://www.infoplease.com/womens-history-month/
http://www.history.com/topics/womens-history-month
 http://www.gale.cengage.com/free_resources/whm/

Sunday, February 3, 2019

Facebook turns 015: Happy 15th to you

So many scandals have come about since this original posting. From Facebook instigating genocide in Myanmar, Cambridge Analytica to Zuckerberg calling Trump after he won 2016 election with plenty more scandals inbetween.  Learn more of Facebook's follies by clicking on New York Intelligencer and also  Wired for more Facebook scandals.

From Facebook's innocent beginnings to it's 15 year milestone, Facebook has had the most scandals of any social media conglomerate.

This article below is a repost of earlier blog posts with link updates in the resources below. 

"I mean there doesn't necessarily have to be more ... I mean like a lot of people are focused on taking over the world. Or doing the most biggest thing. Like getting the most users. I think like part of making a difference and doing something cool is focusing intensely." ~~ Mark Zuckerberg co-founder, Facebook; As quoted, June 2005 while talking about Facebook before it was famous. See YouTube video below for full discussion.



Facebook Interview Part 2 (2005) , below YouTube Video of interview with Zuckerberg by Derek Franzese 

Facebook that controversial social networking service with media, social, political and cultural implications launched in February 4, 2004,(speculative as some say February 3) and has reached the big 015!

Here are the latest statistics as reported by Facebook:
As of December 2015 there are 1.04 billion daily active users on average with
Facebook reports 934 million mobile daily active users on average for December 2015
There are 1.59 billion monthly active FB users as of December 31, 2015
1.44 billion mobile monthly active users as of December 31, 2015
Approximately 83.6% of FB's daily active users are outside the US and Canada

As of 2015, the company is $300 billion dollars richer since its launch, and there are over 1.55 billion monthly active Facebook users (MAUs) which is a 14 percent increase year over year (Source: Facebook as of 9/30/15). Additionally, according to Zephoria Digital Marketing, of those 1.55 billion MAUs, 1.01 billion people log onto Facebook daily (DAU) for September 2015, which represents a 17% increase year over year (Source: Facebook as 9/30/15) with 4.5 billion likes generated daily as of May 2013 which is a 67 percent increase from August 2012 (Source: Facebook). As of December 2013, Facebook had over 1.23 billion active users, more than 945 million (versus 600 million a year ago) using Facebook on a mobile device. Happy Birthday Facebook! Any Google doodle this year?

From users hover time to determine interest, providing ability for users to choose what they want to see first in their news feeds to live-streaming and messaging application for booking Uber rides, Facebook continues innovating.

In January 2014, chief operating officer of Facebook, Sheryl Sandberg, clarified: "He [Mark] always said Facebook was started not just to be a company, but to fulfill a vision of connecting the world."

Facebook Inc. began selling stock to the public and trading on the NASDAQ on May 18, 2012. 

Latest Facebook, Inc., Form 8-K (current report filing) from EDGAR® Online here.
Not surprising, Facebook is not number 1 in the following 11 countries: Belarus - vk.com; China - qq.com/qzone.qq.com; Kazakhstan - vk.com / odnoklassniki.ru; Moldova - odnoklassniki.ru; Russia - vk.com / odnoklassniki.ru; Ukraine - vk.com; South Korea - qq.com/qzone.qq.com; Uzbekistan - odnoklassniki.ru; Iran - Cloob.com; Vietnam - Zing.vn; North Korea - not available.

Facebook’s major competing social media are as follows: QQ.com; vk.com, odnoklassniki.ru and Zing.vn. Other competitors are mixi in Japan and renren in China.

Based on its 2012 income of US$5 billion, Facebook joined the Fortune 500 list for the first time on the list published in May 2013, being placed at position 462, BusinessInsider.com, Carlson, Nicholas (March 5, 2010) “At Last – A Full Story of How Facebook was Founded http://www.businessinsider.com/how-facebook-was-founded-2010-3#we-can-talk-about-that-after-i-get-all-the-basic-functionality-up-tomorrow-night-1
Below the resources section is a chronological timeline that reflects milestones, launches and product information beginning with October 2003 through January 2014.

Founded by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommates and fellow Harvard University students Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes, the website's membership was initially limited by the founders to Harvard students, but was expanded to other colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and Stanford University.

Mark Zuckerberg wrote Facemash, the predecessor to Facebook, on October 28, 2003, while attending Harvard as a sophomore. According to The Harvard Crimson, the site was comparable to Hot or Not, and "used photos compiled from the online facebooks of nine houses, placing two next to each other at a time and asking users to choose the 'hotter' person.


With success comes controversy particularly with Facebook. Zuckerberg hacked protected areas of Harvard's computer network and copied the houses' private dormitory ID images. Harvard at that time did not have a student "facebook" (a directory with photos and basic information), though individual houses had been issuing their own paper facebooks since the mid-1980s.

From it’s first 4 hours online, Facemash attracted
450 visitors and 22,000 photo-views.



According to an article from Rolling Stone in July 2008, the site was quickly forwarded to several campus group list-servers, but was shut down a few days later by the Harvard administration.

Zuckerberg was charged by the administration with breach of security, violating copyrights, and violating individual privacy, and faced expulsion.

Ultimately, the charges were dropped. For more information visit The Battle of Facebook, Rolling Stone, NY July 2008.

Zuckerberg expanded on this initial project that semester by creating a social study tool ahead of an art history final, by uploading 500 Augustan images to a website, with one image per page along with a comment section. He opened the site up to his classmates, and people started sharing their notes.

The following semester, Zuckerberg began writing code for a new website in January 2004. He was inspired, he said, by an editorial in The Harvard Crimson about the Facemash incident. On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg launched "Thefacebook", originally located at thefacebook.com.

Six days after the site launched, three Harvard seniors, Cameron Winklevoss, Tyler Winklevoss, and Divya Narendra, accused Zuckerberg of intentionally misleading them into believing he would help them build a social network called HarvardConnection.com, while he was instead using their ideas to build a competing product.

The three complained to the Harvard Crimson, and the newspaper began an investigation. The three later filed a lawsuit against Zuckerberg, subsequently settling. In June 2004, Facebook moved its base of operations to Palo Alto, California and received its first investment later that month from PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel. The company dropped “The” from its name after purchasing the domain name facebook.com in 2005 for $200,000.


Writers for The Wall Street Journal found in 2010 that Facebook apps were transmitting identifying information to "dozens of advertising and Internet tracking companies". The apps used an HTTP referrer which exposed the user's identity and sometimes their friends'.

Facebook said, "We have taken immediate action to disable all applications that violate our terms.” Facebook in Privacy Breach, The Wall Street Journal (New York).

In January 2013, the countries with the most Facebook users were:
 FB stats by country, March 3, 2012)
United States with 168.8 million members
Brazil with 64.6 million members
India with 62.6 million members
Indonesia with 51.4 million members
Mexico with 40.2 million members This totals to 309 million members or about 38.6 percent of Facebook's 1 billion worldwide members.
43.1 Million Members of Facebook in Indonesia, Kompas, February 2, 2012.

In regards to Facebook's mobile usage, per an analyst report in early 2013, there are 192 million Android users, 147 million iPhone users, 48 million iPad users and 56 million messenger users


All photos courtesy of Wikimedia and screen shots taken from video and websites. All other photos will be credited as required. 


Additional resources: 
Facebook profile may expose mental illness Fox News
♦ Facebook Banned: 9 Ways To Get Kicked Off The Social Network Huffington Post
Facebook Wikipedia
♦ This is The Future of The Facebook ‘News Feed’ Business Insider

Facebook Timeline 
 2003 
 ♦ October 28, 2003: Mark Zuckerberg releases Facemash, the predecessor to Facebook. It was described as a Harvard University version of Hot or Not
2004 
 ♦ January 2004: Zuckerberg begins writing Facebook
♦ January 11, 2004: Zuckerberg registers thefacebook.com domain
♦ February 4, 2004: Zuckerberg launches Facebook
♦ March 2004: Facebook expands to MIT, Boston University, Boston College, Northeastern University, Stanford University, Dartmouth College, Columbia University, and Yale University
♦ April 13, 2004: Zuckerberg, Dustin Moskovitz, and Eduardo Saverin form Thefacebook.com LLC, a partnership
♦ June 2004: Facebook receives its first investment from Peter Thiel for US$500,000
♦ June 2004: Facebook incorporates into a new company, and Sean Parker (early employee of Napster) becomes its president
♦ June 2004: Facebook moves its base of operations to Palo Alto, California
♦ August 2004: To compete with growing campus-only service i2hub, Zuckerberg launches Wirehog. It is a precursor to Facebook Platform applications
♦ September 2004: ConnectU files a lawsuit against Zuckerberg and other Facebook founders
♦ December 30, 2004: Facebook achieves its one millionth registered user
 2005 
 ♦ May 26, 2005: Accel Partners invests $13 million into Facebook
♦ July 19, 2005: News Corp acquires MySpace, spurring rumors about the possible sale of Facebook to a larger media company
♦ August 23, 2005: Facebook acquires Facebook.com domain for $200,000
♦ September 2005: Added high school networks[14]
♦ October 2005: Added international school networks and added photos
2006 
 ♦ 2006: A leaked cash flow statement shows that Facebook had a net loss of $3.63 million for the 2005 fiscal year
♦ March 28, 2006: A potential acquisition of Facebook is reportedly under negotiations, for $750 million first, then later $2 billion
♦ September 2006: Facebook discusses with Yahoo! about the latter possibly acquiring the former, for $1 billion
♦ September 2006: Facebook launches a high school version of the website
♦ September 26, 2006: Facebook is open to everyone aged 13 and over, and with a valid email address
 2008
♦ June 2008: Facebook settles both lawsuits, ConnectU vs Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg et al. and intellectual property theft, Wayne Chang et al. over The Winklevoss Chang Group's Social Butterfly project. The settlement effectively had Facebook acquiring ConnectU for $20 million in cash and over $1.2 million in shares, valued at $45 million based on $15 billion company valuation
♦ August 2008: Employees reportedly privately sell their shares to venture capital firms, at a company valuation of between $3.75 billion to $5 billion
♦ October 2008: Facebook sets up its international headquarters in Dublin, Ireland
2009
♦ August 2009: Facebook acquires FriendFeed
♦ September 2009: Facebook claims that it has turned cash flow positive for the first time
2010 
 ♦ February 2010: Facebook acquires Malaysian contact-importing startup Octazen Solutions
♦ April 2, 2010: Facebook announces the acquisition of photo-sharing service called Divvy-shot for an undisclosed amount
 ♦ April 19, 2010: Facebook introduces Community Pages, which are Pages that are populated with articles from Wikipedia
♦ April 21, 2010: Facebook introduces Instant Personalization, starting with Microsoft Docs, Yelp, and Pandora
♦ June 2010: Facebook employees sell shares of the company on SecondMarket at a company valuation of $11.5 billion
♦ October 1, 2010: The Social Network, a film about the beginnings of Facebook directed by David Fincher is released. The film is met with widespread critical acclaim as well as commercial success; however, Mark Zuckerberg says that the film is a largely inaccurate account of what happened.
2011 
 ♦ January 2011: $500 million is invested into Facebook for 1% of the company, placing its worth at $50 billion
♦ February 2011: Facebook adds new "civil union" option for gay partnerships
♦ February 2011: Facebook application and content aggregator Pixable estimates that Facebook will host 100 billion photos by summer 2011
♦ June 2011: Facebook partners with Skype to add video chat
♦ September 2011: Facebook partners with Heroku for Facebook application development using the Facebook Platform
♦ September 22, 2011: Facebook launches new UI Timeline in F8 Convention
♦ October 10, 2011: Facebook launches iPad app
♦ December 21, 2011: Facebook log in page changes due to Facebook Timeline addition
♦ December 22, 2011: Facebook launches its new profile user interface, Facebook Timeline.
 2012 
 ♦ April 2012: Facebook acquires picture sharing and social network, Instagram, for $1 billion, the largest acquisition to date
♦ May 2012: Facebook IPO, initial price set at $38 a share, and the stock closed at $38.23 on its first trading day
♦ July 2012: Facebook adds same-sex couples as icons for marriage
♦ August 2012: Facebook forces all remaining users of the old profile style to the new "Timeline" style
♦ October 2012: Total number of Facebook users reaches 1 billion
2013 
 ♦ January 15 :Product - Facebook announces and begins rolling out Facebook Graph Search.
♦ January 30, and April 9: Product - Facebook rolls out detailed and fine-grained emoticons to express different actions and emotional states in one's status updates (experimental launch January 30, official launch with universal availability April 9).
♦ March 7: Product - Facebook announces major planned changes to the News Feed. However, Facebook cancelled these changes after receiving negative feedback from users.
♦ March 8: Acquisitions - Facebook announces that they acquired the team from Storylane, but not the product itself.
♦ April 4 and then April 12 Product (mobile-only) - Facebook launches Facebook Home, a user interface layer for Android-compatible phones that provides a replacement home screen that makes it easier for users to browse and post.[62][63]
♦ April 15: Product - Facebook launches a new timeline.
♦ April-July: Product - Facebook launches Stickers, initially only for its iOS apps in April but later expanding to its web version in July.
♦ June 12, then June 27: Product - Facebook announces support for hashtags, initially only for the web (June 12). Later, more functionality is added and hashtags are extended to the mobile site and apps.
♦ June 30: Political activism - Zuckerberg joins 700 Facebook employees for the June 2013 Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Pride Celebration march in San Francisco, U.S. The 2013 Pride celebration was especially significant, as it followed a Supreme Court of the United States ruling that deemed the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) unconstitutional.
 ♦ September 26: Product - Facebook begins letting people edit their posts and comments after publishing.
♦ September 29: Product - Facebook announces that it will begin rolling out Graph Search for posts and comments.
♦ November 13: Acquisition talks - News outlets report that Facebook offered to buy Snapchat for $3 billion USD but was spurned.
♦ December 18:Financial/legal - Facebook, Zuckerberg, & banks face IPO lawsuit.
2014 
 ♦ January 16: Product - Facebook launches Trending Topics for its web version in the US, UK, Canada, India, and Australia. This is based on feedback to a pilot version tested both on the web and mobile starting August 2013.
 ♦ January 30: Product (mobile-only) Facebook announces Facebook Paper, a separate iOS app that provides a newspaper-like or magazine-like experience for reading on the phone, scheduled for launch on February 3. Facebook also announces Facebook Creative Labs, an intra-company effort to have separate teams working on separate mobile apps that specialize in different facets related to the Facebook experience, rather than trying to make changes to Facebook's main web version, mobile version, or its iOS and Android apps, and says that Facebook Paper is the first product of Facebook Creative Labs. Facebook Paper receives mixed reviews, and some commentators note its similarity with Flipboard.
♦ February 3: Facebook launches Paper. http://www.facebook.com/paper
♦ February 5: Facebook launches Lookback. http://www.facebook.com/lookback
 ♦ February 19:Facebook makes its biggest acquisition, 16 times more than what it paid for Instagram by acquiring WhatsApp, a free text messaging system for $16 billion (spent $4 billion in cash and $12 billion in Facebook stock plus another $3 billion of stock over the next four years).
♦ March 3: Rumors are circulated that Facebook is buying drone maker Titan Aerospace for $60 million. It is believed that the acquisition will help bolster Facebook's vision with Internet.org. Later, on April 14, 2014, the Wall Street Journal reports that Google is acquiring Titan Aerospace.
 ♦ March 6: Product Facebook announces that it will begin rollout of a somewhat modified news feed. The changes are along the same lines as those announced in the planned revamp announced March 7, 2013 (that was halted), but are more minor and focused.
♦ March 17: Product Facebook's face recognition algorithm (DeepFace) reaches near-human accuracy in identifying faces.
♦ March 25: Facebook announces that it is acquiring Oculus VR, Inc., a leading virtual reality company. The amount is reported to be $2 billion in cash and stock.
♦ March 27 Facebook announces a Connectivity Lab as part of the Internet.org initiative, with the goal of bringing the Internet to everybody via drones, using acqhires from Ascenta.
♦ April 24: Product Facebook announces FB Newswire to help journalists find news news on its website.[145]
♦ April 30: Product, accessibility Facebook launches anonymous login so that people can use apps without giving them their data.
♦ June 18: Product (mobile-only) Facebook releases Facebook Slingshot, an instant messaging software application for sharing photos and videos with friends, for Android and iOS devices.
♦ July 21: Product Facebook launches Save, a read-it-later feature that allows users to save links, places, and media pages for later perusal.
♦ September 15: Userbase/controversy Facebook cracks down on the Facebook profiles of drag queens in San Francisco, asking them to switch to using their real names, and shutting down the accounts of those who refuse to comply.[153] There is considerable pushback, including a planned protest at Facebook headquarters, that is delayed for a meeting with Facebook, but Facebook refuses to budge on its policy. Many people, particularly those in or sympathetic to the LGBTQ community, sign up for competing social network Ello, that does not enforce a real names policy, promises to remain "ad-free and porn-friendly", and aims to have a zero-tolerance policy for hate speech. On October 1, Facebook announced a clarification to its real name policy and said that drag queens could continue operating their accounts. The company clarified that people should use their authentic real-world names but need not use their legal names.
 ♦ October 6: Acquisitions by Facebook Facebook officially completes the acquisition of WhatsApp, and WhatsApp CEO Jan Koum agrees to match Mark Zuckerberg's $1 salary.[158]
♦ October 23: Product Facebook launches pseudonymous app Rooms, where Facebook users can create and participate in forums on any topic and do not need to use their real names. The forthcoming launch of the pap had been reported on October 7.
♦ October 31: Facebook creates a custom Tor link, making it easier for people to access Facebook anonymously in locations where it is censored.[162][163][164]
♦ November 7: Product Facebook makes it easy for people to unfollow friends and pages they've liked, both while viewing pages in the feed and while reviewing summaries of the most prolific contributors to their feed.[165][166]
♦ December 8: Product Facebook rolls out keyword search for all posts, part of Facebook Graph Search, to all US English users on desktop and using iPhones. It is cited as a potential competitor to Yelp and other product recommendation engines and also as a potential way to surface old, embarrassing posts by people.
♦ December 11: Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg holds his second Q&A, open to the public, about Facebook, where he discusses the dislike button and Facebook's role in promoting viewpoint diversity, helping people share more, and facilitating social and political transparency.
2015 
 ♦ January 5: Acquisitions by Facebook Facebook acquires Wit.ai, a Y Combinator startup founded 18 months ago to create an API for building voice-activated interfaces.
♦ January 8: Acquisitions by Facebook Facebook acquires QuickFire Networks, a company that built a custom hardware and software platform for reducing video file sizes and upload times. The Wall Street Journal got the news on January 8, with confirmation later arriving on QuickFire’s site.
♦ January 16: Open sourcing Facebook open sources the Torch library, containing some of its deep learning tools in machine learning, including new code that runs 23 times as fast for training convolutional neural networks as the fastest publicly available code until that time.
♦ January 20: Product Facebook announces that it will show fewer hoaxes in the news feed, and mark items it identifies as potential hoaxes so that readers can view them more critically.
♦ March 17: Product Facebook introduces a free friend-to-friend payment service within its Messenger app. This is touted by some tech journalists as potential competition for PayPal's Venmo service.
♦ March 25: Product At the first day of the 2015 F8 conference (a conference for Facebook to make announcements about major product and service changes), the company makes a bunch of announcements, with the unifying theme being that the company wants to be an integrated bunch of apps, each fulfilling a somewhat different role. Currently, the company's leading apps include its main app, Messenger, and externally built and acquired apps such as Instagram and WhatsApp. Specific announcements include making Facebook Messenger more of a platform, a new real-time comments system, embeddable videos, spherical video, Parse for the Internet of Things, updates to ad exchange LiveRail, and analytics for apps.
♦ March 26: Open sourcing Facebook releases its React native framework for building native apps as open source. This is announced on the second day of the F8 conference.
♦ March 31: Userbase, product Facebook launches a feature called Scrapbook that allows parents to give their kids an official presence on Facebook even when they are too young to have their own accounts on the network by tagging them in photos. A Scrapbook can be owned by two people who have indicated to Facebook that they are in a relationship. When the kids grow old enough and get their own accounts, they can take over ownership of the Scrapbook and change the privacy settings thereof.
♦ April 22: Product Facebook launches an Android app called Hello to instantly matches phone numbers of incoming and outgoing calls to Facebook profiles to show information about the caller/callee, block calls from commonly blocked numbers, and search for businesses to call, with initial rollout in the United States, Brazil, and Nigeria. There is no corresponding iOS app, because iOS does not allow apps to interact with phone calls. Commentators compare Facebook Hello to the native Android dialer app[202] and to TrueCaller, an app with crowdsourced data.
♦ April 28 (announcement), April 30 (closure): Product, platform Facebook announces that it is shutting down its friends data API, forcing developers to migrate to the Graph API. The company is also allowing for more granular control of data that users may share with apps.[204][205][206]
♦ May 12: Product Facebook launches "Instant Articles" for Publishers.[207] Publishers who use Instant Articles can opt in to have some of their articles shown to mobile users inside Facebook's app itself, without users having to leave the app and visit the customer's website. Initial launch partners include BuzzFeed, the New York Times, National Geographic and six others. The article as displayed on Facebook mimics the article on the website in terms of layout, and Instant Articles allows for correct attribution and analytics with tools such as Google Analytics, Omniture, and Comscore, in addition to publishers benefiting from Facebook's own analytics. Publishers can choose to have only a subset of their content available as Instant Articles, and Facebook handles the porting of the article to the Instant Article format itself. BuzzFeed praised Facebook for complying with its requests for compatibility with analytics tracking, and said the process was very collaborative throughout. Load times are claimed to be ten times faster than the mobile web. Publishers can keep all the ad revenue if using their own ads, but Facebook gets a 30% cut if the ads are shown by Facebook.
♦ May 29: Product Facebook confirms official support for GIFs. Autoplay settings for GIFs would be the same as those for videos: users who have video autoplay set to on (the default setting) will have GIFs autoplay when they scroll to the GIF in their news feed. Others can play the GIF manually by clicking the GIF button on the feed item with the GIF.
♦ June–August: Product Facebook adds more features for pages to make it easier for businesses to use them. These include: allowing pages to display how quickly they respond to messages, allowing pages to send saved replies to messages, allowing pages to use private messages for customer support, and adding buy button integration to pages.
♦ June–July: Product Facebook makes changes to its news feed algorithm in a few different directions. It relinquishes some control to users allowing them to dictate what they see first in the news feed. Also, it announces that it will start using information on how long people hover on a particular item in their news feed to gauge their level of interest in the item, in addition to the more explicit signals it currently uses (likes, comments, shares).
♦ August 5: Product On Facebook launches live-streaming, initially restricted only to celebrities.Subsequently, on August 12, it announces that the feature will be made available to journalists and those with verified profiles.
♦ August 27: Userbase Facebook announces that it has hit the milestone of 1 billion users accessing it on a single day.
♦ December: Product Facebook announces that it will add a feature for booking a ride through its messaging application. Users of Facebook Messenger in the U.S. will be able to summon an Uber car with a few taps.
2016 
 ♦ January 29: Facebook bans gun sales on Facebook and Instagram (more info at this New York Times article) 



All photos courtesy of Wikimedia and screen shots taken from video and websites. All other photos will be credited as required. 


Resources:

Facebook, The 21 and Counting biggest Facebook Scandals of  2018
Facebook's Year of Scandal, Ranked by How Much You Should Actually Care
History of Facebook: Facts and What's Happening in 2018
Here Are All of Facebook's Scandals, We're Keeping Track So You Don't Have to, Fortune
Facebook, Inc. reports earnings, 2/1/2017 

What to expect when Facebook reports earnings, 2/1/2017
Mark Zuckerberg appears to finally admit Facebook is a media company, The Guardian, December 2016
Who owns Facebook? The Definitive Guide


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